- 1 in 5 women (18.5%) and 1 in 71 men (1.4%) have experienced a “complete or attempted rape” in their lifetime(CDC, 2010)
- In Kentucky, 1 in 9 adult women has been “forcibly raped” at sometime in her life, which totals more than 175,000 women. This estimate does not include alcohol or drug-facilitated rape, attempted rape, ‘statutory rape’ (i.e., sex with someone under age 16 without explicit force), or other forms of sexual violence.
- Most offenders are male. Nearly all female victims (98.1%) and male victims (93.3%) are raped by a man or men (CDC,2010)
- The rate of sexual assault and rape has fallen 63% from 1993 to 2015 (RAINN, 2016).
- Almost 1 in 2 women (47%) and 19. 6 % of males in Kentucky are sexually victimized at some point in their lives (CDC, 2010)
- 37.5% of females and 31% of males in Kentucky have been assaulted (sexual/physical) and/or stalked by an intimate partner at some point in their lives (CDC,2010)
Who sex offenders target.
- More than half of women (51%) have been raped by an intimate partner at some point in their lifetime (CDC, 2010).
- An estimated 16.9% of women and 8.0% of men have experienced sexual violence other than rape by an intimate partner at some point in their lifetime (CDC, 2010).
- Individuals between the ages 18-34 are at a heightened risk for rape and sexual assault (54%). (RAINN,2016)
- Women ages 18-24 who are college students are 3 times more likely than women in general to experience sexual violence (RAINN,2016)
How sex offenders operate.
- 55% of Sexual Assaults occur at or near the victim’s home (RAINN,2016)
- More than 50% of college sexual assaults occur in either August, September, October, or November (RAINN,2016)
- Approximately 51 %of female rape survivors in Kentucky are physically assaulted and/or fear that they or someone close will be killed or seriously harmed (CDC, 2010).
- Offenders have and/or use traditional weapons, such as guns and knives, in 7% of all rapes and other sexual assaults.
Most sexual violence is not reported to police. Approximately 70% of sexual assaults are never reported to the police.5 Most victims do not seek medical treatment for their injuries. Only about 30% of sexual assault survivors are treated for injuries.
The cost of sexual violence.
Rape is the costliest of crimes to its victims. Overall, victim costs are estimated at $127 billion per year. Taking into account short-term medical care, mental health services, lost productivity, and pain & suffering, the cost per sexual assault is estimated at $110,000.
Societal costs include business losses through absenteeism and third-party liability; criminal justice responses, such as investigation, prosecution, incarceration, and registration; and non-monetary losses, such as fear and corresponding loss of quality of life.6 Victims of sexual violence lose nearly 8 million days of paid work (CDC, IPV violence).
Long-term impacts of sexual violence.
Survivors are at greater risk for mental health problems than those who have never been sexually assaulted.
- 3% of female rape survivors in Kentucky experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (CDC, 2010)
- 30% experience major depression at some time in their lives.
- 33% experience serious suicidal thoughts at some time in their lives.
Long-term physical impacts are frequently related to sexual violence such as sexually transmitted infections, unplanned pregnancy/child-birth, eating disorders, sleep disorders, and use of alcohol and/or other drugs.
- Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network, Statistics. (2016), https://www.rainn.org/statistics
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2010 Summary Report. (2016), https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/nisvs_report2010-a.pdf
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Intimate Partner Violence: Consequences. (2015), https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/consequences.html
- Kilpatrick & Ruggiero, National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center, Rape in Kentucky: A Report to the Commonwealth(2003).
- Bureau of Justice Statistics, US DOJ, Criminal Victimization in the U.S., 2005 Statistical Tables, Table 27 (Dec. 2006), www.ojp.usdoj.gov.
- Rennison, US DOJ, Rape & Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police & Medical Attention, 1992-2000 (2002), www.ojp.usdoj.gov.
- Miller, Cohen & Wiersema, US DOJ, Victim Costs & Consequences: A New Look (1996), www.ncjrs.org.
- Greenfeld, USDOJ, Sex Offenses & Offenders: An Analysis of Data on Rape and Sexual Assault (1997), www.ojp.usdoj.gov.